Nagori is a cattle breed belonging to the Nagaur District of Rajasthan and the breeding tracts are in Bikaner, Jodhpur and Nagaur districts of Rajasthan. It is a draught breed and is mainly used for agricultural purposes such as plowing, cultivation drawing water from wells and transportation of field produce to the markets. This breed is also famous as trotters. The animals are harnessed to light iron-wheeled carts for enabling quick transportation all over Rajputana.
The Nagori cattle bear resemblance to the Hariana and Kankrej breed of cattle. Due to the proximity of native tracts of the Hariana breed in the north and northeast, and the Kankrej breed in the south and southwest, coupled with the frequency of famines in its native home, there has been extensive movements of the cattle to other regions in search of fodder, leading to frequent intermixture.
- The cattle are fine, big and erect, active yet docile and have white and gray color.
- They have long, deep and powerful frames, and are long-limbed with light bones.
- They have straight backs with well-developed quarters.
- The legs are straight with the hooves compact, strong and small.
- They are agile and have strong feet and great ease of movement.
- The face is long and narrow with a flat forehead which is not so prominent.
- The eyelids are heavy and overhanging and the eyes are small, clear and bright.
- The ears are large and pendulous. The neck is short, fine and looks powerful.
- The horns are moderate in size. They emerge from outer angles of the poll in an outward direction, with a gentle curve upwards and turning inwards at the points.
- The dewlap is small and fine. The skin is fine and slightly loose.
- The hump in the bulls is well-developed, not very firm and mostly hangs over.
- The shoulders and forearms look muscular and powerful.
- The tail is moderately long, ending in a tuft of black hair just below the hocks.
- The sheath is small and the cows have well-developed udders with large teats.
- Average milk yield per lactation is 603 kg with an average milk fat of 5.8%. The lactation yield ranges from 479 to 905 kg.
The Nagori cattle are agile yet powerful and possess great endurance. Let us all endeavour to preserve our sturdy Indian breed of cattle.