Hissar is a hybrid ‘desi’ breed developed in course of over a century with the crossing of the several native breeds including the Hariana breed. Currently, the population of this breed is very low, since the present government policy is to develop the Hariana breed. Hissar cattle have their origin from Indian state “Hissar” but are found in fair number in areas adjoining Indian border including districts of Bahawalnagar and Bahawalpur in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The home of this breed is Hansi tehsil of Hissar district, and these cattle are present in the Hissar and Hansi districts. These are also found abundantly in Punjab, and is generally found to be white coloured. It was observed that farmers of certain areas of Punjab had a special liking for white and others for the dark grey colour of these cattle. The herd was, therefore, divided on these lines and this made the breed more popular in the region. This breed is famous for its draught power capacity, endurance and agility at work. These are seen in cattle fairs at Hansi, Hissar, Bhiwani, Sirsa, Rewari and Singar.


  • These cattle are of moderately dark gray color with even darker color around neck, shoulders, and hump.
  • The head is moderated with a flat and broad forehead.
  • It has and small or medium-sized horns which emerge laterally and curved upwards in the form of an arch.
  • It has larger and more pendulous ears than the Haryana breed.
  • It has a short tail and a black switch.
  • The bullocks have great stamina and serve as excellent draught animals.
  • The cows serve as excellent milkers.
Not much details are available about the Hissar cattle. More so, since the Hariana cattle have been considered as an alternative to the Hissar cattle.

Indian Cow Facts

Mewati cattle are known to have the Hariana and Gir blood in their composition. There are traces of influence of the Kankrej and Malvi breeds too. Also since the native habitats of the Rath and Nagori cattle are adjacent to Mewat, these two breeds are also said to have contributed to the formation of the Mewati.

The cattle are almost universally white in colour with the rare occurrence of brown shades. Their neck, shoulders and quarters are of a darker shade while the muzzle is pitch black in colour.