Gangatiri

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Gangatiri

Gangatiri is a native Indian breed, found around river Ganga in the eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh, in the Chandauli, Ghazipur and Ballia districts. This breed is also found in adjacent areas of Bhabua, Buxar, Arrah and Chhapra in the state of Bihar. Gangatiri is also known as Eastern Hariana or Shahabadi. Its breeding tracts include Varanasi, Mirzapur, Ballia and Ghazipur districts of Uttar Pradesh, and Bhojpur, Rohtas and Shahbad districts of Bihar.

Gagantiri cattle are generally kept in the open or in thatched housing near the farmers’ houses. They are grazed for almost six to eight hours per day. They are generally kept in herd sizes varying from 2 to 150 numbers. Large herds are maintained purely on grazing, in the ‘diyara’ – the area adjacent to the river Ganga. The current population of this breed is estimated to be around 3 to 4 lakhs, of which almost 67000 are found in the breeding tracts.

Characteristics:

  • These animals have moderate bodies with coat colours that are either complete white (Dhawar) or Grey (Sokan).
  • The horns are medium sized and emerge from side of the poll behind and above eyes in outward and curving upwards and inwards ending with pointed tips.
  • The face is narrow with short ears; the forehead is prominent, straight and broad with a shallow groove in the middle.
  • The eyelids, muzzle, hooves and tail switch are generally black in colour.
  • The average weight of a male is 340 kgs, and of a female is 235 kgs.
  • The height at withers of a male is 142 cm, and of a female is 124 cm.
  • Average body length of a male is 121 cm and of a female is 110 cm.
  • Average chest girth of a male is 168 cm while that of a female is 153 cm.
  • The age at first calving is around 48 months, varying between 27 – 82 months while the inter-calving period is 14 – 24 months with a gestation period of 290.
  • The lactation length is 150 – 250 days and the average milk yield in a lactation is around 1050 Kg, varying from 900 to 1200 Kg.
  • These cattle are well adapted to low to medium input production system and produce about 2.5 to 8.0 Kg milk a day with an average fat percentage ranging from 4.1 to 5.2 %.

The Gangatiri is an important dual-purpose breed, which is used for milk production as well as for agricultural operations. This is a robust and resilient breed which contributes significantly towards the livelihood of people of the region.

Of the 40 registered native cattle breeds of India, Gangatiri is one of the most recently recognised one. [A chart of the registered native cattle breeds of India, as declared by the NDDB, is presented at the end of this article.]

‘Gangatiri’ is an important breed and was almost on the verge of extinction when the present Government took over its promotion and conservation through Uttar Pradesh Livestock Development Board. The proposed Gangatiri Cows’ Conservation and Development Centre is already under way at Araji Line, Shahnshahpur, in Varanasi. The new scheme ‘National Gokul Mission’ that has been launched for the development and protection of indigenous breeds shall help conserve this breed in a large way.

Our Surabhivana Gaushala continues to support this national movement for the promotion and conservation of our ‘desi’ cattle.

Indian Cow Breeds

SL. NoBreedHome TractACCESSION NO. India Cattle
1AmritmahalKarnataka0800_AMRITMAHAL_03001
2BachaurBihar0300_BACHAUR_03002
3BargurTamilnadu1800_BARGUR_03003
4DangiMaharashtra, M. P1104_DANGI_03004
5DeoniMaharashtra, Karnataka1108_DEONI_03005
6GaolaoMaharashtra, M. P1110_GAOLAO_03006
7GirGujarat0400_GIR_03007
8HallikarKarnataka0800_HALLIKAR_03008
9HarianaHaryana, Uttar Pradesh,0520_HARIANA_03009
10KangayamRajasthan1800_KANGAYAM_03010
11KankrejTamilnadu0417_KANKREJ_03011
12KenkathaGujarat and Rajasthan2010_KENKATHA_03012
13KherigarhUttar Pradesh, M. P2000_KHERIGARH_03013
14KhillarUttar Pradesh1108_KHILLAR_03014
15Krishna ValleyMaharashtra, Karnataka0800_KRISHNAVALLEY_030
16MalviKarnataka1000_MALVI_03016
17MewatiMadhya Pradesh1705_MEWATI_03017
18NagoriRajasthan, Haryana, U. P1700_NAGORI_03018
19NimariRajasthan1000_NIMARI_03019
20OngoleMadhya Pradesh1000_NIMARI_03019
21PonwarAndhra Pradesh2000_PONWAR_03021
22PunganurUttar Pradesh0100_PUNGANUR_03022
23RathiAndhra Pradesh1700_RATHI_03023
24Red KandhariRajasthan1100_REDKANDHARI_0302
25Red SindhiMaharashtra0000_REDSINDHI_03025
26SahiwalPunjab and Rajasthan1617_SAHIWAL_03026
27SiriSikkim and West Bengal2221_SIRI_03027
28TharparkarRajasthan1700_THARPARKAR_03028
29UmblacheryTamilnadu1800_UMBLACHERY_03029
30VechurKerala0900_VECHUR_03030
31MotuOrissa, Chhattisgarh, A. P 1526_MOTU _03031
32GhumusariOrissa1500_GHUMUSARI _03032
33BinjharpuriOrissa1500_BINJHARPURI _03033
34KhariarOrissa1500_KHARIAR _03034
35PulikulamTamilnadu1800_PULIKULAM_03035
36KosaliChhattisgarh2600_KOSALI _03036
37Malnad GiddaKarnataka0800_MALNADGIDDA_0303
38BelahiHaryana, Chandigarh0532_BELAHI _03038
39GangatiriU. P, Bihar, Uttarakhand2003_GANGATIRI_03039
40Badri2400_BADRI_03040

Indian Cow Facts

Of the 40 registered native cattle breeds of India, Gangatiri is one of the most recently recognised one.

‘Gangatiri’ is an important breed and was almost on the verge of extinction when the present Government took over its promotion and conservation through Uttar Pradesh Livestock Development Board. The proposed Gangatiri Cows’ Conservation and Development Centre is already under way at Araji Line, Shahnshahpur, in Varanasi.